Carlo Schaerf was a Professor of Physics at the University of Rome "Tor Vergata" and was also a member of the Academic Senate of the University. He also previously held the position of Chairman of the National Committee for the Physical Sciences of the Ministry of Public Education and the National Committee for Nuclear Research of INFN (the National Institute for Nuclear Physics).
Along with Professor Edoardo Amaldi, Professor Schaerf founded The International School on Disarmament and Research on Conflicts (ISODARCO). In 1970, Professor Schaerf served as Director in 1970 and in 1991, became the Chairman of the Board. He has edited over fifteen books on disarmament issues, authored over 100 articles in scientific journals and also the editor of 10 books on various topics on physics.