Rising complexity is neither a justification for discarding arms control arrangements nor an excuse for inaction in agreeing new measures. Over 100 members of the ELN’s senior network call on world leaders to prioritise nuclear diplomacy at the UN General Assembly
ELN on the INF Treaty
The United States withdrew from the Intermediate-range Nuclear Force (INF) Treaty on 02 August 2019. From the first accusations of Russian violation of the treaty in 2014, the ELN has followed the debate and provided analysis both for and against this landmark decision.
Deteriorating relations between Russia and NATO and the increasing capacity for rapid deployment and concentration of forces increases instability and the risk of military escalation, namely in the Baltic region. Against this background, the countries concerned could be interested in a conventional arms control regime that helps to prevent destabilising build-ups of forces and to enhance maritime security.
The recent US allegations against Russia for violating the CTBT weaken the treaty and fuel speculation that the US might ‘unsign’ the test ban. This paper lays out the repercussions of these recent actions and offers recommendations for supporters of the CTBT.
Our networks are at the heart of our policy impact. Reaching right across Europe they bring together established figures with emerging leaders who are all committed to better security for Europe.
NATO now needs to ensure that the INF Treaty’s collapse will neither exacerbate NATO-Russia confrontation, nor lead to a destabilizing arms build-up in Europe.
As most of the treaties that formed the core of the arms control system are either gone or being undermined, Russia and the United States no longer want to lead by example by carrying the bilateral burden of disarmament.
The US has committed to give security guarantees to the DPRK, but does the precedent of the Budapest Memorandum mean that these will be legally binding? Italy’s former Ambassador to the Republic of Korea, Carlo Trezza, explores the use of security assurances vis-à-vis guarantees.
Policy briefs & reports
There are currently no formal international agreements linking nuclear weapons and cyber capabilities, and to fill this void states have invested considerable resource to address the ‘cyber’ challenge – but what does this mean for the security of nuclear weapons?
As a no-deal Brexit becomes increasingly likely, the chronicle of EUFOR Althea exposes the operational, strategic and political challenges facing EU defence today.
The security of space is a globally shared security concern. States must take collective action to find much needed international solutions to balance priorities, ensure equitable access, and protect national security and the outer space environment.