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Commentary | 2 September 2014

On the Eve of the NATO Summit in Newport

Image of Tarja Cronberg

Tarja Cronberg |Former Member of the European Parliament, Distinguished Associate Fellow at SIPRI and Member of the Executive Board of the European Leadership Network

Image of Karl-Heinz Kamp

Karl-Heinz Kamp |Academic Director of the German Federal Academy for Security Policy (BAKS)

Finland NATO Russia-West Relations Security Euro-Atlantic Security

The 2014 Wales Summit will only start the process of finding NATO’s new balance by Karl-Heinz Kamp

Karl-Heinz Kamp, Academic Director of the German Federal Academy for Security Policy, argues that the Wales Summit will mark the beginning of a fundamental reassessment of NATO’s role in protecting its members and remaining an important guarantor of stability on the international scene.

‘After Russia’s aggression against Ukraine, Putin’s illegal annexation of Crimea and the shoot-down of a civil aircraft (arguably by pro-Russian rebels) public awareness grew significantly and the question of “whither NATO” is back on the agenda. What will the NATO leaders decide in Wales to cope with the neo-expansionist tendencies in Russia and how will the Alliance’s future course look like? Will NATO go back to its founding mission of securing the European continent or will it preserve its 360° perspective as a global security actor?’

 

The NATO Divide in Finnish Politics by Tarja Cronberg

Tarja Cronberg examines Finland as a model solution for the Ukraine crisis balancing between EU membership, NATO partnership and good relations with Russia.

‘Periodic Finnish Security Reviews usually argue that the “NATO option” is open and, indeed, this is an accurate statement of the official position. NATO itself has repeatedly stated its willingness to welcome the country as a member, provided that the population supports the membership… The crisis in Ukraine however, has changed fundamentally the dynamics of the Finnish NATO debate. For many, it has been a wakeup call as much for Finland as for the whole of Europe. European borders are not, it now seems, sacred, not even the Ukrainian borders which were guaranteed by Russia and the US in 1994 when Ukraine abolished its nuclear weapons.’ 

 

The opinions articulated above represent the views of the author(s), and do not necessarily reflect the position of the European Leadership Network or any of its members. The ELN’s aim is to encourage debates that will help develop Europe’s capacity to address the pressing foreign, defence, and security challenges of our time.