Mr Hökmark led the Swedish European Union membership referendum campaign while serving as the Secretary General of the moderate party (1991-2000), and was responsible for the process of the Moderate Party joining the European People’s Party as full member. In 1989 he started the so-called Monday movement, a popular movement supporting the independence of the Baltic States, which today is manifested by a monument in Stockholm. For this this initiative, Hökmark was awarded Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian orders. In 1993 Hökmark established the Jarl Hjalmarson Foundation with international activities to support the development of democracy and rule of law in former dictatorships, which he chaired until 2000. In 2018 Hökmark was awarded by The Society of the Survivors of the Holocaust for his commitment to combatting antisemitism and xenophobia. He continues to be active in the European Alliance for Holocaust Survivors, an alliance he has formerly served as Chair.