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Report

AI and nuclear command, control and communications: P5 perspectives

The nuclear-weapons states China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States are increasingly recognising the implications of integrating AI into nuclear weapons command, control, and communication systems. Exploring the risks inherent to today’s advanced AI systems, this report sheds light on characteristics and risks across different branches of this technology and establishes the basis for a general purpose risk assessment framework.

13 November 2023 | Alice Saltini
Commentary

Europe and Gaza: political pathways out of the violence

The massive escalation of violence in the Middle East has major ramifications for Europe, which has a long history of involvement in the defunct Middle East Peace Process. Jane Kinninmont writes that the long-term answer must be that both peoples, Israeli and Palestinian, need to live in the same small area under some political configuration that works for both of them. Here she explores what medium-term political pathway could lead there and how European governments can show leadership.

1 November 2023 | Jane Kinninmont
Commentary

Expanding the UN General Assembly’s role in managing disarmament and non-proliferation challenges

The Humanitarian Initiative’s successful shift to the UN General Assembly (UNGA) has spotlighted deficiencies in the operational methods and practices of the NPT Review Process. Konstantin Larionov assesses specific aspects of the UNGA’s proceedings that could enhance the performance of NPT meetings. He argues that expanding the roles and functions of the UNGA is crucial for advancing non-proliferation and disarmament commitments, which have faced decades-long obstacles within the NPT.

30 October 2023 | Konstantin Larionov
Commentary

Beyond nuclear deterrence: New approaches for tackling non-nuclear strategic threats

In our latest commentary from the ELN’s New European Voices on Existential Risk (NEVER) network, Shane Ward and Eva Siegmann, explore how the emergence of non-nuclear strategic threats (NNST) has undermined the normative taboo surrounding the use of nuclear weapons, and why new methods extending beyond deterrence are needed to ensure international stability.

23 October 2023 | Shane Ward and Eva Siegmann
Commentary

After Hamas: Rationales and dilemmas for US-Saudi nuclear agreement persist

Mark Hibbs writes that while the conflict between Hamas and Israel has complicated the situation, the rationale behind the US push for Israeli-Saudi normalisation and continued US-Saudi nuclear negotiations remain strong. The Hamas attack is a reminder of the potential for disruption that a nuclear-armed Iran could have on the region.

19 October 2023 | Mark Hibbs
Commentary

Naval nuclear propulsion and IAEA safeguards: A view from the PrepCom

Noah Mayhew, Senior Research Associate at the Vienna Centre for Peace and Disarmament, reflects on how the political debate around the Australia-United Kingdom-United States (AUKUS) partnership is evolving at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and offers insights on potential productive steps forward.

26 September 2023 | Noah Mayhew