The defining challenge of the arms control interregnum is to ensure the NPT survives Russian brinkmanship and Chinese ambivalence, writes Maximilian Hoell. He argues that supporters of the NPT must face a simple choice: join forces to uphold the treaty to the extent possible and prevent its erosion or risk the treaty’s collapse. He argues that Western leadership is essential for safeguarding the NPT in the new security environment.
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In the absence of globally acknowledged governance frameworks for AI in the military domain, two new initiatives came into existence in 2023 – the Responsible Artificial Intelligence in the Military Domain (REAIM) and the US-initiated Political Declaration. Mahmoud Javadi and Michal Onderco analyse both, writing that REAIM provides a much-needed space for a democratic, depoliticised, and decentralised approach to global military AI governance.
Neither Russian peacekeepers nor EU mediation have prevented Azerbaijan from violently retaking Nagorno-Karabakh. The ELN’s Policy & Impact Director Jane Kinninmont analyses the geopolitical realignments underlying the offensive which has caused tens of thousands of ethnic Armenians to flee, and suggests means to avoid further conflict in the South Caucasus.
Noah Mayhew, Senior Research Associate at the Vienna Centre for Peace and Disarmament, reflects on how the political debate around the Australia-United Kingdom-United States (AUKUS) partnership is evolving at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and offers insights on potential productive steps forward.
Following the US decision to send cluster munitions to Ukraine, Mary Wareham and Kasia Derlicka-Rosenbauer write that countries that have endorsed their ban have a collective responsibility to end the human suffering caused by these weapons. To protect the convention’s gains and strengthen its impact, they outline three steps that state parties and supportive sates can take.
As the security situation in Kosovo deteriorates significantly, the ELN’s Senior Associate Fellow Nick Williams writes that although this latest violence is local in origin, it has deeper roots and much wider implications.