The ELN and The Iran Project release a joint, high-level transatlantic statement on US sanctions and the need to ease humanitarian trade with Iran in the wake of the global COVID-19 outbreak.
About the Iran Network
In 2018, the European Leadership Network (ELN) launched an official project on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA). Our plan is to build on existing analytical and advocacy work to protect the JCPOA. This includes working with partners across Europe and in Washington and engaging the ELN’s senior network of political, military and diplomatic figures. Our focus is to ensure that Europe plays the fullest and most effective role possible by helping E3 governments and Brussels to better understand and address key challenges in sustaining what remains of the nuclear agreement and productively engage on peripheral issues.
The good news is that the JCPOA, although under immense stress after the US withdrawal, still survives and has entered its fourth year of implementation. The remaining JCPOA participants are working to honour their original commitments, and the ELN is proud to have played a role in supporting European – and by extension global – efforts. The bad news is that in spite of our efforts, it is likely that in 2019 pressure on Iran will grow, increasing the chances of the JCPOA’s collapse.
European think tank directors and founders from Rome to Riga issue a joint call to the US to reconsider its approach to the Iran nuclear deal.
Over 100 European political, diplomatic and military leadership figures are appealing to President Trump not to take unilateral action that would jeopardise the deal and trigger a crisis in US-Europe relations.
Policy Interventions and Briefs
European supply chains are global lifelines: Why Europe must maintain medical exports during the COVID-19 pandemic
To lead during this global crisis, Europe must boost production of medical supplies not just to meet demand at home, but also to sustain commercial exports so the developing world isn’t solely dependent on aid.
Ahead of the European Parliament’s exchange of views on the implementation of Iran’s NPT Safeguard Agreement and other nuclear obligations, this policy brief outlines growing differences on the topic between Russia and the West.
The European Leadership Network releases recommendations ahead of the 10 January meeting of the Foreign Affairs Council of the European Union on Iran and the Middle East.
New analysis by Bourse & Bazaar and the European Leadership Network evaluates INSTEX’s design and operationalization.
As European governments push for negotiations to restrain Iran’s missile program, a new ELN policy brief assesses its missile developments.
In the face of US sanctions, exemptions for humanitarian trade in Iran are proving insufficient. In a new policy brief, authors argue for the creation of a new humanitarian special purpose vehicle (H-SPV) to avoid any crises.
Commentaries and Analysis
Three months after a successful pilot transaction, the US-backed Swiss Humanitarian Trade Arrangement (SHTA) with Iran has not processed a single additional sale.
From Tehran, Tarja Cronberg discusses whether the Iran nuclear deal can be saved and what this could mean for Europe.
Dr Hans Blix, Director-General Emeritus of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and ELN member, argues that, in the case of the JCPOA, the US government did not “withdraw” from an agreement but violated a legally binding UN Security Council decision.
The collapse of the deal threatens the future of nuclear diplomacy and the credibility of European foreign and security policy. Creative solutions to counteract US sanctions must be found as the 60 day deadline approaches.
Some have suggested that the US held the Warsaw Summit to “get back in the game” after feeling left out of the E4/EU format for dialogue with Iran. One year after its creation, Riccardo Alcaro comments on the E4/EU format’s importance and greater potential.
As the Iran nuclear deal enters its fourth year of implementation, ELN Policy Fellow Axel Hellman argues that its future looks more uncertain than ever. European leaders are under growing pressure to sustain the agreement and with growing frustration in Tehran and threats to European unity, face a number of challenges in the near term.
Iran "Tiger Team" Members
- Aniseh Bassiri Tabrizi, Research Fellow, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI); Visiting Fellow, War Studies Department, King’s College London (KCL), London
- Azadeh Zamirirad, Senior Associate, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Berlin
- Bruno Tertrais, Deputy Director, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique (FRS), Paris
- Cornelius Adebahr, Associate Fellow, Alfred von Oppenheim Center for European Policy Studies (DGAP), Berlin
- Dina Esfandiary, Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) Fellow, War Studies Department, King’s College London (KCL), London
- Ellie Geranmayeh, Senior Policy Fellow and Deputy Head of the MENA Programme, European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), London
- Emil Dall, Research Fellow, Proliferation and Nuclear Policy, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), London
- Esfandyar Batmanghelidj, Founder, Bourse and Bazaar, London
- Fabian Hinz, Mercator Fellow, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), Berlin
- Gregoire Mallard, Associate Professor in Anthropology and Sociology and Advisory Faculty at the Global Governance Centre, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva
- Kamiar Mohaddes, Senior Lecturer, Department of Economics; Fellow, Economics at Girton College, University of Cambridge, Cambridge
- Paulina Izewicz, Senior Research Associate, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), London
- Riccardo Alcaro, Research Coordinator and Head of the Global Actors Programme of the Istituto Affari Internazionali (IAI), Rome
- Richard Dalton, President, British Iranian Chamber of Commerce; Former UK Ambassador to Iran
- Rouzbeh Parsi, Senior Lecturer, Department of History, Lund University, Lund
- Roxane Farmanfarmaian, Affiliated Lecturer in International Relations of the Middle East and North Africa, University of Cambridge, London/Cambridge
- Tarja Cronberg, Distinguished Associate Fellow, European Security Programme, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), Stockholm
- Thierry Coville, Research Fellow, Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS), Paris
- Tom Keatinge, Director, Centre for Financial Crime and Security Studies, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), London
The European Leadership Network can provide journalists with expert advice and commentary on key developments on Iran. For media advice or to speak to one of our experts or network members, call +44 (0)203 176 2550 or email [email protected]pnetwork.org.