Ahead of the 2023 NPT Preparatory Committee, this policy brief examines how nuclear threats have changed with Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, how to define a ‘nuclear threat’, and how NPT member states should react to nuclear threats. It sets out recommendations for how State Parties can strengthen the NPT and the nuclear taboo in the current Review Cycle.
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Ahead of the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the 2026 Review Conference, the first session of the working group on further strengthening the NPT review process starts today. This paper provides an overview of contributions from States Parties, civil society, research centres, and academia that the working group can draw on in order to facilitate a structured discussion during working group meetings.
After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February 2022, governments in the former Soviet Union were immediately forced to deal with difficult geopolitical realities. In this report for the ELN, YGLN member Daniel Shapiro uses quantitative and qualitative analysis to show there is increased heterogeneity in geopolitical positioning among post-Soviet states and offers key lessons from this for Western policymakers.
ELN Balkans parliamentary project: Roundtable on regional security challenges and cooperation in Southeast Europe
This report details the findings of a roundtable organised by the ELN’s Balkans parliamentary project, that discussed regional security challenges and cooperation in Southeast Europe. Held in Belgrade in May 2023, it constituted the first event held in the region by the project.
In May 2023 , the ELN and Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) held a track 1.5 meeting in London featuring a range of European, American, Asian and Iranian experts to assess three possible scenarios that could come about should attempts to revive the JCPOA fail: resumption of nuclear negotiations, building regional solutions, and regional conflict. ELN Senior Associate Fellow Roxane Farmanfarmaian captures the core findings in this report.
Strategic risks in the Asia-Pacific: Examining Australian, British, Japanese, and South Korean perspectives
A new report from the ELN and the APLN sets out how the UK can strengthen security cooperation in the Asia-Pacific region with South Korea, Japan, and Australia, amidst a deteriorating security environment that threatens to undermine the existing nuclear order.
Changing perceptions of strategic risks in the Asia-Pacific – the Australian, Japanese, and South Korean perspectives
The European Leadership Network (ELN) with the Asia-Pacific Leadership Network (APLN) have worked together on three reports that analyse the changing nature of the strategic risks landscape in the Asia-Pacific. These reports look into how these changes affect the non-proliferation regime, and come from the Australian, Japanese and South Korean perspectives. Full report details within the article.
In October, the ELN and Hanns Seidel Foundation partnered on a track 1.5 meeting in London which brought together a range of European and Iranian participants both to assess how the JCPOA could still be revived and to consider alternative scenarios in more detail. The ELN’s Policy and Impact Director, Jane Kinninmont, captures the key highlights from the meeting.
Emerging and disruptive technologies, nuclear risk, and strategic stability: Chinese literature review
With emerging and disruptive technologies (EDTs) increasingly becoming a new field of military competition among great powers, serious questions have been raised about whether they will fundamentally change the ways modern warfare will be conducted, in particular implications for nuclear deterrence. Fei Su and Dr Jingdong Yuan analyse Chinese academic and professional publications to explore new ways forward for mitigating the risks posed by EDTs.