In the face of US sanctions, exemptions for humanitarian trade in Iran are proving insufficient. In a new policy brief, authors argue for the creation of a new humanitarian special purpose vehicle (H-SPV) to avoid any crises.
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Following the close naval encounter and near collision of US and Russian ships in the East China Sea last week, the ELN resurfaces its work on the escalatory potential of under-regulated military encounters.
The risks of miscalculation or unwanted escalation connected with nuclear signalling failure are higher than they have been for decades and are rising. Rear Admiral John Gower urges that proactive effort is required to reverse this trend.
As the future of the Iran nuclear deal looks increasingly uncertain, European leaders must take measures to protect economic and political relations with Iran. Axel Hellman and Dr Bijan Khajehpour argue that European SMEs can play a significant role in maintaining trade between Europe and Iran.
With European elections upcoming and the shape of the next Commission unknowable, this report is not an agenda for the years to come but lessons for the next Commission from developments in European defence over the last two years.
Last week’s Helsinki Summit has brought renewed focus to Russian actions in cyberspace. In a new report, ELN Research Associate Joss Meakins explores Russia’s conflicted approach to cyber deterrence and proposes new ways to create a more stable Russia-West cyber deterrence relationship.
Dr Heather Williams, Lecturer in the Defence Studies Department at King’s College London (KCL) and Amelia Morgan, Research Assistant at KCL’s Centre for Science and Security Studies (CSSS) examine how the United States and Russia could become more responsible nuclear actors and strengthen the global nuclear order at a time when it is most fragile.
In a report released ahead of the NATO summit in Brussels, Sir Adam Thomson, ELN Director and former UK Ambassador to NATO assesses three core challenges to NATO solidarity – (1) Russia, (2) NATO’s engagement southwards, and (3) transatlantic burdensharing – and offers specific recommendations in each area for the summit declaration, communique and EU-NATO Joint Declaration.
With the international nuclear agreement with Iran in peril following the U.S. withdrawal from it, Esfandyar Batmanghelidj and Axel Hellman present a vision of a new banking architecture that could be at the heart of a European package to protect Europe-Iran economic ties and help sustain the deal in spite of U.S. sanctions.