Statement by the Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group*
Support for Dialogue Among Governments to Reduce Nuclear Risks
Reducing and eliminating nuclear risks is an existential common interest for all nations.
We have crossed over to a new nuclear era, where a fateful error triggered by an accident, miscalculation, or blunder is the most likely catalyst to a nuclear catastrophe. In the Euro-Atlantic region today, these risks are compounded by heightened tensions between NATO and Russia—with little communication between military and political leaders—and the potential for deliberate cyber threats. In the absence of initiative, we will continue to drift down a path where nuclear weapons use becomes more probable. Governments have a shared responsibility to work together to mitigate these risks.
- First, leaders of states with nuclear weapons in the region should reinforce the principle that a nuclear war cannot be won and must never be fought.
This principle—articulated at the height of the Cold War by the presidents of the United States and Russia and embraced then by all European countries—was essential to ending the Cold War. Today, it would communicate that leaders recognize their responsibility to work together to prevent nuclear catastrophe. Agreement on this key principle could also be a foundation for other practical steps to reduce the risk of nuclear use.
- Second, nations should work to preserve and extend existing agreements and treaties that are crucial to sustaining transparency and predictability.
This is not just an issue between Washington and Moscow. The demise of the arms control architecture will dramatically increase nuclear risks for all Europeans and indeed the world. This year may be crucial. Nations in the Euro-Atlantic region have a shared interest in preserving the 1987 Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) Treaty between the United States and Russia, and insisting on full compliance by the parties to that agreement. Similarly, all nations in the Euro-Atlantic region have a stake in the full implementation of the U.S.-Russia 2010 New START Treaty, and the mutual extension of that Treaty through 2026.
- Third, all nations should support full implementation of and strict compliance with the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran.
The JCPOA is a crucial foundation for preventing the spread of nuclear weapons in the Middle East. We should be building on its success, not contemplating its termination. Actions by any nation that may precipitate the demise or violate the terms of the JCPOA will increase nuclear dangers in the region and damage our ability to address nuclear dangers around the world.
* For the past three years, Des Browne, Wolfgang Ischinger, Igor Ivanov, Sam Nunn, and their respective organizations—the European Leadership Network (ELN), the Munich Security Conference (MSC), the Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC), and the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI)—have been working with former and current officials and experts from a group of Euro-Atlantic states and the European Union to test ideas and develop proposals for improving security in areas of existential common interest. The Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group (EASLG) operates as an independent and informal initiative, with participants who reflect the diversity of the Euro-Atlantic region from the United States, Canada, Russia, and fifteen European countries.
Signatories to the Joint Statement by the Euro-Atlantic Security Leadership Group
Support for Dialogue Among Governments to Reduce Nuclear Risks
Vice Chair, Nuclear Threat Initiative; Chair of the Board of Trustees and Directors of the European Leadership Network; and former Secretary of State for Defence, United Kingdom
Ambassador (Botschafter) Professor Wolfgang Ischinger
Chairman (Vorsitzender), Munich Security Conference Foundation, Germany
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Russia
Co-Chair, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and former U.S. Senator, United States
Ambassador Brooke Anderson
Former Chief of Staff, National Security Council, United States
National Security Consultant, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and former Director for Defense Policy and Arms Control, National Security Council, United States
Chairman, Chumir Foundation for Ethics in Leadership, Canada
Senior Advisor for Russia and Eurasia, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and former Special Assistant for Russia/NIS Programs to the Secretary of Energy, United States
William J. Burns
President, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, United States
Ambassador Richard Burt
Chairman Global Zero USA, United States
Chairman of PIR Center Executive Board; Vice-President of RIAC; and Lt-General (Ret), Russia
General (Ret) Vincenzo Camporini
Vice President Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy
Former Foreign Minister, Turkey
James F. Collins
(Amb. Retired) Senior Fellow, Russia and Eurasia Program, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, United States
Admiral Giampaolo Di Paola
Former Chief of Defence; former Chairman of NATO’s Military Committee; and former Minister of Defence, Italy
Ambassador Rolf Ekéus
Diplomat and Chairman Emeritus of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden
Sir Christopher Harper
KBE, United Kingdom
James L. Jones
General (Ret), USMC; President, Jones Group International, United States
Member of Bundestag, Germany
Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Netherlands
Director General of the Russian International Affairs Council, Russia
Research Director and Head of the Warsaw Office, European Leadership Network, Poland
O. Faruk Loğoğlu
Former Ambassador to the United States and Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Turkey
Hon. Andrea Manciulli
Head of Italy’s Delegation to the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, Italy
Ernest J. Moniz
Co-Chair and CEO, Nuclear Threat Initiative; and former U.S. Secretary of Energy, United States
Ferdinando Nelli Feroci
President, Istituto Affari Internazionali, Italy
Professor Roland Paris
University Research Chair in International Security and Governance, University of Ottawa, Canada
Former Defence Minister; and Chairman of IDN (Initiatives for Nuclear Disarmament), France
Chairman, Fondation pour la recherche stratégique, France
President and Chief Operating Officer, Nuclear Threat Initiative, United States
General Igor Petrovich Smeshko
Former Head of the Security Service (SBU) (2003-2005), Ukraine
Former Italian Permanent Representative to NATO; ELN Executive Board; Atlantic Council Nonresident Senior Fellow; and Project Associates Brussels Director, Italy
Director, European Leadership Network, United Kingdom
Director Istituto Affari Internazionali; and Special Advisor HRVP Federica Mogherini, Italy
General (Ret) Dr. Erich Vad
Lecturer at the Universities of Munich and Salzburg, Germany
Rt Hon Lord Wallace of Saltaire, United Kingdom
Senior Advisory Global Nuclear Policy Program, Nuclear Threat Initiative, United Kingdom
Former Executive Director, Polish Institute of International Affairs (2010-2015), Poland