Ahead of the 2023 NPT Preparatory Committee, this policy brief examines how nuclear threats have changed with Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine, how to define a ‘nuclear threat’, and how NPT member states should react to nuclear threats. It sets out recommendations for how State Parties can strengthen the NPT and the nuclear taboo in the current Review Cycle.
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The NPT has been described as a cornerstone upon which the rest of the global non-proliferation architecture has been developed, but it also marks the site where illustrious dreams lay buried. Ahead of the PrepCom in Vienna starting next week, YGLN member Olamide Samuel explores what a ‘cornerstone’ means and writes that we have a unique opportunity to protect the NPT as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime.
How to enhance the eleventh NPT review cycle and ensure a diplomatic space for continuity and coordination
Michael Biontino explores how the NPT can be strengthened in advance of its next review cycle. He outlines how, even in these increasingly polarised times, measures such as streamlining procedures and mechanisms, creating adequate institutional support and creating the appropriate governing structures, can all help to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, accountability, coordination, and continuity of the review process of the Treaty.
Ahead of the Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) for the 2026 Review Conference, the first session of the working group on further strengthening the NPT review process starts today. This paper provides an overview of contributions from States Parties, civil society, research centres, and academia that the working group can draw on in order to facilitate a structured discussion during working group meetings.
The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) has made a key contribution to global security, but it has been neither ambitious nor effective in communicating this to an audience that is increasingly important to its success – non-nuclear suppliers in the Global South. Ahead of the NSG Plenary in Buenos Aires starting on 10 July, Louis Reitmann suggests ways for Participating Governments to enhance the Group’s transparency and outreach to third countries.