New analysis by Bourse & Bazaar and the European Leadership Network evaluates INSTEX’s design and operationalization.
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In the face of US sanctions, exemptions for humanitarian trade in Iran are proving insufficient. In a new policy brief, authors argue for the creation of a new humanitarian special purpose vehicle (H-SPV) to avoid any crises.
With the international nuclear agreement with Iran in peril following the U.S. withdrawal from it, Esfandyar Batmanghelidj and Axel Hellman present a vision of a new banking architecture that could be at the heart of a European package to protect Europe-Iran economic ties and help sustain the deal in spite of U.S. sanctions.