On the eve of the seventh round of negotiations on the restoration of the JCPOA – or Iran nuclear deal – the ELN and the Bourse & Bazaar Foundation publish a set of creative ideas to help bridge gaps related to guarantees and sanctions relief.
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Three months after a successful pilot transaction, the US-backed Swiss Humanitarian Trade Arrangement (SHTA) with Iran has not processed a single additional sale.
European supply chains are global lifelines: Why Europe must maintain medical exports during the COVID-19 pandemic
To lead during this global crisis, Europe must boost production of medical supplies not just to meet demand at home, but also to sustain commercial exports so the developing world isn’t solely dependent on aid.
At a time when constructive diplomatic relations between Europe and Iran may prove instrumental in efforts to stave off a regional conflict, the operationalisation of INSTEX remains an imperative.
New analysis by Bourse & Bazaar and the European Leadership Network evaluates INSTEX’s design and operationalization.
In the face of US sanctions, exemptions for humanitarian trade in Iran are proving insufficient. In a new policy brief, authors argue for the creation of a new humanitarian special purpose vehicle (H-SPV) to avoid any crises.