Rising complexity is neither a justification for discarding arms control arrangements nor an excuse for inaction in agreeing new measures. Over 100 members of the ELN’s senior network call on world leaders to prioritise nuclear diplomacy at the UN General Assembly
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Deteriorating relations between Russia and NATO and the increasing capacity for rapid deployment and concentration of forces increases instability and the risk of military escalation, namely in the Baltic region. Against this background, the countries concerned could be interested in a conventional arms control regime that helps to prevent destabilising build-ups of forces and to enhance maritime security.
The recent US allegations against Russia for violating the CTBT weaken the treaty and fuel speculation that the US might ‘unsign’ the test ban. This paper lays out the repercussions of these recent actions and offers recommendations for supporters of the CTBT.
The EU could play a significant role in shifting the AI debate by putting forward frameworks for the responsible design and governance of AI in Europe and the world, thus potentially mitigating great power competition.
NATO now needs to ensure that the INF Treaty’s collapse will neither exacerbate NATO-Russia confrontation, nor lead to a destabilizing arms build-up in Europe.
As most of the treaties that formed the core of the arms control system are either gone or being undermined, Russia and the United States no longer want to lead by example by carrying the bilateral burden of disarmament.
There are currently no formal international agreements linking nuclear weapons and cyber capabilities, and to fill this void states have invested considerable resource to address the ‘cyber’ challenge – but what does this mean for the security of nuclear weapons?
The US has committed to give security guarantees to the DPRK, but does the precedent of the Budapest Memorandum mean that these will be legally binding? Italy’s former Ambassador to the Republic of Korea, Carlo Trezza, explores the use of security assurances vis-à-vis guarantees.
Based on study visits, discussions and interviews with European diplomats, politicians and strategic advisers, this report considers how European perspectives toward Russia have changed following Crimea’s annexation.