The EU could play a significant role in shifting the AI debate by putting forward frameworks for the responsible design and governance of AI in Europe and the world, thus potentially mitigating great power competition.
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NATO now needs to ensure that the INF Treaty’s collapse will neither exacerbate NATO-Russia confrontation, nor lead to a destabilizing arms build-up in Europe.
As most of the treaties that formed the core of the arms control system are either gone or being undermined, Russia and the United States no longer want to lead by example by carrying the bilateral burden of disarmament.
There are currently no formal international agreements linking nuclear weapons and cyber capabilities, and to fill this void states have invested considerable resource to address the ‘cyber’ challenge – but what does this mean for the security of nuclear weapons?
The US has committed to give security guarantees to the DPRK, but does the precedent of the Budapest Memorandum mean that these will be legally binding? Italy’s former Ambassador to the Republic of Korea, Carlo Trezza, explores the use of security assurances vis-à-vis guarantees.
Based on study visits, discussions and interviews with European diplomats, politicians and strategic advisers, this report considers how European perspectives toward Russia have changed following Crimea’s annexation.
As a no-deal Brexit becomes increasingly likely, the chronicle of EUFOR Althea exposes the operational, strategic and political challenges facing EU defence today.
Dr Hans Blix, Director-General Emeritus of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and ELN member, argues that, in the case of the JCPOA, the US government did not “withdraw” from an agreement but violated a legally binding UN Security Council decision.
The collapse of the deal threatens the future of nuclear diplomacy and the credibility of European foreign and security policy. Creative solutions to counteract US sanctions must be found as the 60 day deadline approaches.