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Commentary

Could establishing Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) systems for nuclear security in the EU improve existential risk resilience?

Nicholas Moulios, from the ELN’s New European Voices on Existential Risk (NEVER) Network, has written the ELN’s first commentary as part of this project. He explores the capabilities of OSINT systems for assessing and mitigating potential nuclear disasters, and how these emerging technologies can be harnessed to improve existential risk resilience in Europe and beyond.

1 August 2023 | Nicholas Moulios
Commentary

Strengthening the nuclear order: Pragmatic internationalism amid Russia’s war against Ukraine

Russia’s war against Ukraine has exposed critical flaws in the international nuclear realm. Valeriia Hesse writes that to prevent the total erosion of the non-proliferation norm, a realistic and pragmatic approach towards gradual nuclear arms reductions must be pursued. Ahead of the NPT PrepCom, she outlines concrete steps that the international community can take to build a stronger and more resilient nuclear order.

28 July 2023 | Valeriia Hesse
Commentary

To avoid nuclear instability, a moratorium on integrating AI into nuclear decision-making is urgently needed: The NPT PrepCom can serve as a springboard

The integration of neural networks into NC3 poses a multitude of risks to global security. Alice Saltini writes that to pave the way for a moratorium, NPT State Parties should use the PrepCom to focus discussions on understanding the risks associated with integrating deep learning models into nuclear decision-making.

28 July 2023 | Alice Saltini
Commentary

The NPT: the cornerstone or headstone of the global non-proliferation regime?

The NPT has been described as a cornerstone upon which the rest of the global non-proliferation architecture has been developed, but it also marks the site where illustrious dreams lay buried. Ahead of the PrepCom in Vienna starting next week, YGLN member Olamide Samuel explores what a ‘cornerstone’ means and writes that we have a unique opportunity to protect the NPT as the cornerstone of the global nuclear non-proliferation regime.

25 July 2023 | Olamide Samuel
Commentary

How to enhance the eleventh NPT review cycle and ensure a diplomatic space for continuity and coordination

Michael Biontino explores how the NPT can be strengthened in advance of its next review cycle. He outlines how, even in these increasingly polarised times, measures such as streamlining procedures and mechanisms, creating adequate institutional support and creating the appropriate governing structures, can all help to improve the effectiveness, efficiency, transparency, accountability, coordination, and continuity of the review process of the Treaty.

24 July 2023 | Michael Biontino
Commentary

Reforming the ‘London Club’: How transparency and outreach can benefit the Nuclear Suppliers Group

The Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) has made a key contribution to global security, but it has been neither ambitious nor effective in communicating this to an audience that is increasingly important to its success – non-nuclear suppliers in the Global South. Ahead of the NSG Plenary in Buenos Aires starting on 10 July, Louis Reitmann suggests ways for Participating Governments to enhance the Group’s transparency and outreach to third countries.

4 July 2023 | Louis Reitmann
Commentary

After withdrawal, what? The dilemma facing the states parties after Russia leaves the CFE treaty

This week, representatives of the states parties to the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe will convene in Vienna to discuss the withdrawal of Russia from the treaty. Pál Dunay writes that the remaining CFE states parties are facing a dilemma: if the state that the arms control regime wants to engage is leaving the regime, what is the meaning of the arms control agreement for those actors that stay?

28 June 2023 | Pál Dunay